Robert Frost and Edgar Allen Poe Over the history of poetry there have been countless and countless numbers of poets, some good, some bad, and some who will be revered forever. Their many characteristics, backgrounds and life experiences affect their style of writing and allowed them to differ from one poet to another. Edgar Allen Poe and Robert Frost, two of the most known poets that have ever put pen to paper. Poe and Frost are two perfect examples of two poets that have had different life experiences, background and influences that make each poet’s writing unique and individual.
Robert Frost, one of the most known poets in history, so much so that John F. Kennedy once said about him, “He has bequeathed his nation a body of imperishable verse from which Americans will forever gain joy and understanding. ” Robert Frost was born in San Francisco on March 12, 1874, California until at the age of eleven he moved to New England. This transition from the West to East coast must have triggered something in the young Frost as he started to become interested in reading and writing poetry, something he continued to do throughout high school.
Frost was enrolled in Dartmouth and later Harvard, although he never earned a degree from either school. Frost drifted in and out of jobs for the next few years while always writing and submitting his poetry until his first poem “My Butterfly” was published on November 8th, 1894 by New York newspaper, the Independent. A little less than a year later he married his wife, Elinor Miriam White, who was a major influence on his poetry until her unfortunate passing in 1938. Years after marrying Frost and White moved to England where Frost’s poetry career fully came to light.
He became very influenced by poets such as Rupert Brooke, Robert Graves and Edward Thomas, he also met another poet of the time, Ezra Pound. Frost and Pound developed a close relationship with Pound helping to promote and publish Frost’s poems. By the time Frost and White returned from England three years later he had already published two full length collections of work. During the 1920s, Frost kept gaining popularity with each book of collections that he published which earned him national and international recognition, including receiving 4 Pulitzer prizes.
Edgar Allen Poe is one of the most, if not the most, famous poet and short story writer of his time. On January 19, 1809, Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston, Massachusetts. Poe’s father and mother, both professional actors, died before the poet was three and John and Frances Allan raised him as a foster child in Richmond, Virginia. The death of his parents had a severe affect on him and his style of writing. John Allan, a prosperous tobacco exporter, sent Poe to the best boarding schools and later to the University of Virginia, where Poe excelled academically.
After less than one year of school, however, he was forced to leave the university when Allan refused to pay his gambling debts. Poe was forced to move back to Boston after his withdrawal from the university because of his deteriorating relationship with John Allan. After moving to Boston he enlisted in the United States Army in 1827. His first collection of poems Tamerlane and Other Poems was published later that year and two years later he published his second collection of poems Al Araaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems.
Poe moved back to his aunt’s house in Richmond, Virginia and in 1835 he became the editor of the Southern Liberty Messenger. Over this period of his life he he edited a number of journals in Philadelphia and New York City while also establishing himself as an editor, short-story writer, and poet. He published some of his most well known stories during this time such as “The Raven” and “The Murders in the Rue Morgue. ” After his wife, Virginia died in 1847 of tuberculosis, Poe started to suffer from depression and alcoholism.
Poe made the decision to move back to Philadelphia for an editing job. On October 3rd, for unknown reason, Poe stopped in Baltimore on his way to Philadelphia and later that day he was found in a state of semi-consciousness. Edgar Allan Poe died of acute congestion of the brain four days later and evidence showed later that Poe may have fatally contracted the Rabies disease. Edgar Allan Poe on the other hand became known as an editor, poet, and a literary critic.
His work had a substantial impact on American and international writing. His stories show that he was one of the originator of horror and also investigative fiction. Many historians credit him as being the foundation of the modern short story. This short story “The Raven” is accredited as being one of the first horrific short stories and made him a household name instantly and Poe became an American celebrity. Even though he became a celebrity and earned him fame, Poe did not receive much financially.
Poe is credited as being the one of the first American writers that became a major figure in world literature. Robert Frost’s career as a poet earned him international recognition and he is still associated as one of the greatest modern day poets. His poetic and literary work is predominantly about life, his experiences, and the New England landscape and even though he was a poet of traditional verse and style, something that was not common at the time in the poetry world, Frost is not just an American name.
Frost is a perfect example of a modern poet with his use of language, psychological complexity of his portraits, and to the degree of which he infuses his poems with irony and literary devices. Both poets, Frost and Poe, were iconic poets but each had their own effects on poetic history. Edgar Allan Poe and Robert Frost are still recognized as “legends” in the poetic world and are still international figures. Both had their own influences on modern poetry and both still are widely renowned to this day.