Globalization and Air Pollution
Globalization procedures are certainly among the most recent procedures classified by economists as the present society’s answer to the unstable situations in the global economy. The industrialization of most of the sources of profit in the world has naturally resulted to faster procedures by which the economic system of the entire human society progresses towards rapid advancements. Obviously, the reason of the human governments for pursuing globalization is for pure progress and positive outcomes for the entire human civilization. However, although the missions are purely positive, it could be noted that the results of the said movement towards economic progress have not resulted to complete social progress at all sorts of sectors within the human community. Yes, transportation processes have been eased, however, the consequences were tight. Unfortunately, because of the aim of the human society to progress continuously in terms of economic stability, the industrialization of several countries has resulted to poor environmental situations.
As for a fact, pollutions have flooded the streets of the most develop areas of the globe that most of their people are the ones particularly targeted by airborne illnesses such as lung cancer and weak breathing. These illnesses are indeed further aggravated by the situation of the air within the areas of the most advanced industrial countries in the world. Air pollution particularly pertains to the mixing of gaseous particles with the air. Transportation vehicles naturally make use of carbon and gas to be able to produce energy that is suitable for transporting procedures.
Everyday, there are at least 56% of the whole population of the world who take advantage of using several public utility vehicles to get to work, to school or to any place that they ought to be, while there are at least 44% of the population relying on private vehicles to get to their appointments. All these particular vehicles make use of fuel and thus contribute to the aggravating situation of air pollution. According to the Foundation for the Clean Air Progress, there are at least 12 facts regarding air pollution that needs to be considered in discussing this particular matter:
Air Pollution Fact #1: Since 1970, Americans have cut releases of air pollutants by more than 50 million tons. If you put that many tons into dump trucks lined up bumper to bumper, they would stretch from Baltimore to Dallas the long way — around the world!
Air Pollution Fact #2: It would take 20 of today’s new cars to generate the same amount of air pollution as one mid-1960s model car. In another 10 years, thanks to new automotive and fuel technologies, it will take 33 cars to produce the air pollution emissions of one mid-1960s model.
Air Pollution Fact #3: Compared with just 10 years ago, America’s largest cities are recording dramatically fewer days on which air pollution exceeds federal standards.
Air Pollution Fact #4: One major air pollutant, lead, is nearly gone from our air. Since the mid-1970s, levels of airborne lead are down 96 percent. Despite these facts, there’s still room for improvement. Everyone can help make a difference in this effort.
Air Pollution Fact #5: Reducing the use of the air conditioner in your car will you’ll continue to reduce the air pollution you create.
Air Pollution Fact #6: It would take 20 of today’s new cars to generate the same amount of pollution as one mid-1960s model car. In another 10 years, thanks to new automotive and fuel technologies, it will take 33 cars to produce the emissions of one mid-1960s model. As the American Automobile Association (AAA) has reported, in many of our major cities, cars and light trucks are no longer the primary or even secondary cause of summertime ozone ‘smog.’
Air Pollution Fact #7: Added weight makes your car’s engine run less efficiently, increasing air pollution.
Air Pollution Fact #8: On average, the number of exceedance days of air pollution monitored in the Los Angeles-Long Beach metro area declined by 7.3 days per year between 1980 and 1999.
Air Pollution Fact #9: US EPA ozone exceedance data indicates that, on average, the number of exceedance days monitored in the US declined by 5.5 days per year between 1980 and 1999.
Air Pollution Fact #10: Between 1980 and 1999, a 43 percent reduction in the three-year average number of air pollution exceedance days was observed.
Air Pollution Fact #11: A reduction of 93.7 exceedance days (over a quarter of a year), from an average of 218.0 days in 1980-1982 to an average of 124.3 days in 1997-1999
Air Pollution Fact #12: In the 1950s, smog levels in Southern California were worse than they are today in Mexico City, where current US standards for smog are violated every day of the year.
(Source: Air Pollution Facts. http://www.cleanairprogress.org/clean-air-pollution/air-pollution-facts.asp. (June 1, 2007))
Taking the said facts into consideration, it could be concluded that the situation is indeed serious. To have a closer look on how air pollution directly affects the human society, particularly the industrialized countries of the world, a discussion on the situation of London and Dubai regarding the said issue shall be examined within the paragraphs that follow.
According to reports, London is known to be the primary city that holds much of the most industrialized sectors of England. Consequently, the said industrialization pays much in terms of development issues. Among these results, the dreadful situation occurs. London is also now known as the most polluted city within the said country. The continuous demands on owning private vehicles for transport continue to increase especially on the grounds of keeping up with the time pressures of the corporate world. More and more civilians of the said country are encouraged to purchase their own transport. As immigration increases, the population increases as well. Hence, the need for transportation usually triples every year.
As a result, air pollution brings about the possibility of the airborne disease existence. It could be noted that as the major reports on air pollution increases, the report on patients dealing with lung cancer, asthma, and other breathing difficulties. The hospitals and clinics of London are flooded with different patients having different cases of airborne diseases that they need to deal with. This particular situation in London air also contributes to ozone depletion. In return, the said situation affects the skin health of the people. The more the society gets involved with the modern innovations of transportation in London, the more aggravated the situation becomes. This air situation does not only affect the environment itself but it also affects the whole society of humankind particularly their health and their daily activities.
The application of the diffusion tube addition on the vehicular features makes the emission of gas reduced., hence reducing the release of carbon in the air. In addition to this, the creation of programs in dealing with the major problems of the traffic and air pollution in London started in February 2003. The World Clean Air and Environmental Protection movement primarily aims to assist the city in facing the challenges that they have to deal with in connection with the aggravation of the air pollution situation in London. The implication of the congestion charging among drivers who drive along the 8 mile central area in London involves the continuous traffic control within the most populated areas of the city.
The results were clear and the Environmental Research Group in Kingston University claims the following results:
Traffic reductions and changes in fleet composition in London have exceeded expectations, says Sean Beevers, a modeler in the Environmental Research Group at King’s College London. For the past 10 years, Beevers and his colleagues have been taking air measurements and modeling air quality around the city with the London Air Quality Network, a series of monitoring stations. Car and heavy-truck traffic in the area decreased by 30 and 11%, respectively, whereas bus and taxi traffic increased by 20 and 13%, respectively. Average car speeds were improved by 20%.
(Source: Easing Traffic and Air Pollution in London. http://www.chemistry.org/portal/a/c/s/1/feature_pol.html?id=c373e9ff775b76088f6a17245d830100).
Indeed, the persuasive application of the said procedure of reducing traffic within the major busy areas of London has been progressively gaining fine reputation within the civilians of the said city. This is the particular reason why the Mayor of London Ken Livingstone pursued to continue the application of the said practice among drivers in the city. He then expects better results from the said program in the coming years.
Being one of the largest sources of fuel, it could be noted that the city’s production of vehicles is undoubtedly continuously increasing in number. Thus, the purchasing activity focused on vehicle owning particularly increases as well. The massive constructions that are also affecting the air of the city indeed aggravate the air borne situation within the said vicinities of Dubai. The road construction of the city also affects the contraption and entrapment of the air within a much smaller area of concern. Particularly, with the enormous production and purchasing of cars in Dubai, the said traffic and air pollution situation would be much harder to regulate.
The first situation to deal with in this issue is with regards the road construction. Widening the areas by which the vehicles move about is one primary way of easing the problem. Regulating the air in this procedure would be much easier to deal with. The more space there is for the gaseous particles to disappear, the more effective the solution would be. Later on dealing with the built-in emission features of the vehicles themselves should be checked. Of course, regulating the system of the automobiles would not be that easy to control. However, with ample effort and examination of the situation the arrangements that is to be applied to fix the problem, the issue on traffic and the grave situation that it contributes to air pollution situations could be well met. The creation of alternative vehicle oil also helps much in regulating this particular incident. With the pursuance of the said experimentation, it would not be only Dubai that would particularly benefit but the whole world as well.
From this particular study, it could be observed that the largest and most industrialized cities in the world certainly face a great challenge in dealing with air pollution. The air polluting agents that are found in the major areas of the industrialized world particularly impacts the fact that globalization indeed have different results in terms of social development. Hence, creating the possibilities by which the said results could be regulated into becoming positively impacting the major progress that at are made in the human communities should indeed assist in the completion of the mission of Globalization in connecting the different parts of the world through the advancing and progressive procedures of economic growth in a global picture.
Air Pollution Facts. http://www.cleanairprogress.org/clean-air-pollution/air-pollution-facts.asp. (June 1, 2007).
Easing Traffic and Air Pollution in London. http://www.chemistry.org/portal/a/c/s/1/feature_pol.html?id=c373e9ff775b76088f6a17245d830100). (June 1, 2007).
Dubai to spend Dh74b on transport system. (2001). http://archive.gulfnews.com/articles/06/07/01/10050722.html. (June 1, 2007).
A World A day in UAE. (2000). Air-Pollution. http://word-a-day-uae.blogspot.com/2006/07/air-pollution.html. (June 1, 2007).
Joseph E. Stiglitz. (2003). Globalization and Its Discontents. W. W. Norton ; Company; 1 edition.
Howard R Lewis. (1970). With every breath you take;: The poisons of air pollution, how they are injuring our health, and what we must do about them. Crown Publishing.
Elbert Friday. (1999). Global monitoring of air pollution. Crown Publishing.