God’s existence: myth or fact?
The existence of God has been a subject of argument in matters of science, philosophy, and theology. Several assumptions and definitions in history were gathered from Darwin’s theory of man’s evolution, David Hume’s argument on proof of God’s existence from the perfect and complex order of nature to William Paley’s reflections on the watchmaker analogy in order to substantiate arguments between the religious and the atheist. The theology of God’s existence in the Bible posed a deliberation for its proof of existence on the abstract of manifestation acceptable to common sense and practical reasoning. Neither in the old nor in the New Testament can we cite any argument that could elaborately devote itself to proving God’s existence. There is the need to grasp the unknown and the supernatural dimension for possible integration of the famous to see is to believe logic of this modern world. The phenomena of things we see around require a cause or origin distinct from and greater than itself or any of the elements of the universe. But how do we get proof of the existence of God then if we cease to pursue matters of understanding reference and surrounding evidence of His creation, order and purpose?
Darwin’s Origin of Species demonstrated his theory of evolution in a well chosen platform of evidence that animals and plants were not separately created in their present forms but evolved by slow transformation. It was convincing yet unsatisfactory. It lacks a database of the list of species that were modified from the perfection of its original structure. It does not give any regard to religion nor existence of a Divine Creator. (Darwin 11). Hume on the other hand defined that arguments concerning God’s existence were founded on the relation of cause and effect which were derived entirely from experience expecting the future to conform with past. His Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion took on the teleological argument of existence in the character of Cleanthes as a way to demonstrate God’s nature. He gave reasons to conclude that the designer for the apparent phenomena of order and purpose of the universe implies various natural explanations and that there never really was the proof of the designer being the perfect or the infinite God. It partly focuses on the idea of a perfect God who has the ability but cannot alleviate several poor designs of the world. It is the thought of comprehending order and purpose of the design of things and persons that gave rise to evil and suffering. He claimed that a good deity must at least lessen or eradicate the pains caused by disasters and human wickedness. It gave a remarkable contrast of order and perfection in an imperfect world and the contrast of a good nature in the creation of a wicked world. (Hume 18).
William Paley in his famous analogy of the watch claims that God’s existence could be understood by reference as to the design and purpose of artificial things. The analogy of the watch gives significant answers to the infinite chain of the existence of things pointing to an intelligent designer. The object of which was to highlight the unlikelihood of the occurrence of chance. His analogy of the world as a mechanical object serves to present an unseen or unknown artist creating for a specific purpose in the realm of life and nature. This argument highly validates the existence of God as the beginning of things from subservient adaptation of the means to the end. (Paley 7-10).
God’s existence was hereby attested and demonstrated by the analogy of the watch as being the Maker who existed at some time, at some place who comprehended the purpose of the universe’ construction and design. It presents a simple rationale of the existence of things: machines and watches just don’t pop out in midair. To further illustrate the analogy, we may refer to recent scientific discoveries about the structural and functional properties of several types of protein motors inside living cells which have provided highly framed evidence of an Intelligent Designer. It resembled the things we made to express our purpose. This special argument of order and design concludes that God do exist and that the materialization and the coordination of the different facets of the universe and the life cycles of man are just the solid proof for referencing His existence. Just as a watch cannot exist without a watch maker, nature cannot exist also in the absence of an intelligent designer.
Darwin, Charles. The origin of species. Signet Classic. 2003. pp. 11-12.
Hume, David. Dialogues concerning natural religion. Penguin Classics. 1990. pp. 18-20.
Paley, William. Natural theology: collected from the appearances of nature. E. Duyckinck.
1820. pp. 7-10.