Sleep Walking Essay

Throughout the years, scientists have discovered that many people have sleeping disorders. Sleepwalking is when a person is completely sleeping and their brain waves are very fast, exactly like a person awake; so, if they are dreaming, they could sleepwalk, or if the brain thinks the person is awake, then that could cause a sleepwalking episode. When a person sleepwalks it is their brain that controls their movement. It is like the body shuts down and the brain is the controller. When people sleepwalk, they just walk to the bathroom, or they could kill a person or even kill themselves.

Scientists have been working for years on trying to figure out what stimulates the brain. It could be something life will never know. There are many definitions of what sleepwalking can be. Many people describe what affects themselves and their loved ones. There are also stages of sleep cycle people go through every night. Think what the sleep cycle is like, what goes on when a person is sleepwalking. Sleepwalking is known to many people as Somnambulism, which belongs in the Paranoia Family. When a person usually sleepwalks, they sit up or walk, causing them to be in a stage of small consciousness; they do not awake when sleepwalking.

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Most of the time people that have Somnambulism perform activities that they do during their day, sometimes they even act out other people’s day depending on whether pr not they watched another person (“Sleepwalking” Wikipedia. com 1). A person experiencing sleepwalking normally has a blank stare on their face. When a person is awakened over ninety-eight percent of the time, they will not remembered what happened but sometimes they might be able to remember the slightest of them walking or talking.

When a person has a sleep episode, they might sit up in bed, walk to the restroom, and even clean, or go up and down stairs, go outside, or even eat. Some people even drive or commit homicide, or even are violent. In the end they could die, but that isnt even one-third of the things people can do while sleepwalking. All people have to do is think outside of the box. Children may experience sleepwalking but, may outgrow it. If they dont when they are adults their sleepwalking episodes may last for years and they might even need to see a doctor (“Disorder Information Sleep” 1).

A person may walk one-third of their sleep, person can be awakened with a loud noise, then try to attempt communication. Within a few minutes a person is fully awake. After episode, can cause distress at work, or social events, Sleepwalking is not caused by medical condition, or medication/drugs (“Disorder Information Sleep” 1). More characteristics are that sleepwalking can occur with depression, decreased concentration, fatigue, anxiety attacks, and irritability. Some people with major sleep problems tend to have stomach problems, muscle aches, even headaches (“Disorder Information Sleep” 1).

Sleepwalking can affect a life in many ways. Sometimes if a family member dies, a person may sleepwalk; but, most likely not. Sleepwalking may or may not be resolved when the problem is fixed, although most of the time it does. Sleepwalking can start to a small mishap and end which a big problem. If a person is sleepwalking in their adult years the problem will most likely increase. Twenty percent of adults will sleepwalk almost every night (“Disorder Information Sleep” 1). An example of how sleepwalking can affect a person’s life is that while talking to a person during the episode, they might respond with very simple thoughts.

Usually a person will return to bed after they are through the sleepwalking episode (“Sleepwalking” Medicinenet. com 2). A sleepwalking episode can last from thirty seconds to hours, or even more (“Sleepwalking” Wikipedia. com 1). A part of how sleepwalking can affect an individual and the people surrounding them has mainly to do with their family. Clusters in childhood and family are very similar, but a child has forty-five percent of the sleepwalking disorder when one parent has the disorder. If both parents have the disorder, the child or children have a sixty percent chance they do have the sleepwalking disorder.

When it comes to whether a person is a male or female, they have the same percentages of having the disorder (“Sleepwalking” Wikipedia. com 2). Children’s peak age of sleepwalking is four through eight, also thirty-three percent have bed wetting and or muscle spasms. Sleepwalking does not have an emotional harm on them (“Sleepwalking” Wikipedia. com 3). When people are sleeping they go through stages of sleep one, two, three, four, and REM (Rapid Eye Movement) The complete cycle is about ninety to one-hundred and ten minutes. When a person falls asleep, the first circulation there is more deep sleep than REM sleep.

After the third cycle it switches. Men gain erections when the body loses ability to gain temperature. That is when most dreams happen; sometimes if men are awakened they can remember their dream. It is the same for women (“Stages of Sleep” 1). Stage one is where the person drifts in and out of sleep, and can be awakened easily. Mostly it is called drowsiness. When in stage one eyes move slowly and muscle activity loosens. Many people may experience muscles that can not react they feel like they are falling when they are not (“Stages of Sleep” 1).

Stage two is when eye movement has completely stopped. Brain waves become slower, sometimes there could be a burst of brain waves which is probably coming from a dream or a thought (“Stages of Sleep” 1). Stage three is when the brain waves are extremely slow. The brain waves, called delta waves, are mixed with smaller, faster waves (“Stages of Sleep” 1). In stage four, the brain produces delta waves at an extremely slow rate. Stages three and four are commonly known as deep sleep, which is when it is very difficult to wake a person.

In deep sleep there is absolutely no eye movement, not even a twitch, also there is no muscle movements, which causes children to wet the bed, sleepwalk or have night terrors (“Stages of Sleep” 1). REM sleep is stage five, which breathing becomes rapid, unusual, and shallow. People’s eyes jerk rapidly, limb muscles are temporally paralyzed. The brain waves increase to levels that as the same as a person awake. Their heart rate increases and blood pressure rises (“Stages of Sleep” 1). When it comes to a person, babies spend about fifty percent of their sleep time in REM sleep.

Adults are a lot different. They spend about fifty percent in stage two, twenty percent in REM sleep, and thirty percent in the mix of all the other stages. Scientists say older people spend seventy percent of their sleep time in REM sleep (“Stages of Sleep” 1). Throughout the years, several experts theriorize that the development of sleepwalking in childhood is due to the delay of maturation in the brain. There are also high-voltage delta waves in some somnambulist up to seventeen years old (“Stages of Sleep” 1). Accidents happen; people may forget or may not.

An example is: In 2008 a woman who sent e-mails while sleepwalking including one inviting her friend for dinner and drinks. The friend ended up waiting for hours and eventually went home. Another example: In an unknown year a man sleepwalked to his car and drove to a coffee shop, ordered a cappuccino and then went back home and back to bed (“Sleepwalking” Wikipedia. com 1). A story about a fifteen year old girl, who live in a dormer bungalow, (house with a ladder that goes up to her bedroom) and every night her parents would hear her at two ‘O’ clock in the morning, would sleepwalk, take a shower, and would put her clothes on.

She was almost too early for school (“Stories” 1). Crimes happen a lot. An example is; In 1991 R. V. Burgess accused of hitting his girlfriend in the head with a wine bottle, also with a tape player. Found out not guilty from proof of sleepwalking by his girlfriend (“Sleepwalking” Wikipedia. com 3). There are a couple kinds of treatments people can take for sleepwalking, but really there is no specific treatment for sleepwalking, the only thing is that people who sleepwalk need to make sure their house passes a safety precaution test, which could prevent from an injury or even death.

There is a therapy that whenever a person sleepwalks which causes a big disaster they may need to be given a short-acting tranquilizer, which is helpful for reducing sleepwalking problems (“Disorder Information Sleep” 1). The conclusion to sleepwalking is that people cannot control whether they sleepwalk or not, and if they do, they should safety proof their home at night like lock the doors, lock all cabinets that has glass in them or guns.

If a person does sleepwalk, an easy way to wake them up is pour water on them; but, they probably wouldnt like it very much. It might keep them from having a complication. The stages of sleep are also very helpful to know because people will most likely know when they sleepwalk. a person could set a clock to go off when they would normally sleepwalk. Most of all. is that sleepwalking is a very dangerous thing to do. Think about what happens when a person sleeps and if they do sleepwalk. The people of the universe might not ever know.