Social Issues Related to Smoking and Alcohol Consumption Essay

Alcohol consumption is linked to many harmful consequences for the individual drinker, the drinker’s immediate environment and society as a whole. There are many social consequences such as traffic accidents, workplace-related problems, family and domestic problems, and interpersonal violence. Work People with alcohol dependence and drinking problems are on sick leave more frequently than other employees. In Great Britain, up to 25% of workplace accidents and around 60% of fatal accidents at work may be linked to alcohol. rinking alcohol at work and hangovers may reduce productivity. Performance at work may be affected both by the volume and pattern of drinking. Co-workers perceive that heavy drinkers have lower performance, problems in personal relationships and lack of self-direction, though drinkers themselves do not necessarily perceive effects on their work performance. Heavy drinking or alcohol abuse may lead to unemployment and unemployment may lead to increased drinking. To address this issue employees.

To address this issue regular tests should be taken at work to indicate the amount of alcohol consumption and if one has been drinking too much too often and if it is affecting their work ethic they should be sent to councilling. Family Drinking can change how a person performs as a parent, a partner as well as how they contributes to the the household. It can have lasting effects on their partner and children. Children can suffer. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) which is when a mother drink during pregnancy.

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After birth, parental drinking can lead to child abuse and numerous other impacts on the child’s social, psychological and economic environment. The impact of drinking on family life can include substantial mental health problems for other family members, such as anxiety, fear and depression. Drinking outside the home can mean less time spent at home. The financial costs of alcohol purchase may leave other family members feeling annoyed as they feel the money is being wasted.

When men drink it often primarily affects their mothers or partners who may need to contribute more to the income of the household and who run an increased risk of violence or HIV infection. Also arguments over someone’s drinking can cause family and relationship problems that may lead to break up. To address this families may consider going to councilling to stop the alcohol abuse and also work out any issues that have been the outcome of the constant alcohol abuse from a family member. Link between alcohol and poverty?

Apart from money spent on drinks, heavy drinkers may suffer other economic problems such as lower wages (because of missed work and decreased efficiency on the job) and lost employment opportunities, increased medical and legal expenses, and decreased eligibility for loans. To address this issue the government should invest in centers to inform people of the horrible outcomes of alcohol abuse and also help the people who have been affected to get back on their feet. Alcohol abuse could be costing the UK up to ? 6 billion a year in NHS bills, premature death, losses to business and drink-related crimes and accidents, it was claimed today.

A study by the Royal College of Physicians said drink-related health problems could account for up to 12% of total NHS spending on hospitals, about ? 3 billion. But campaigners said that with the estimated ? 3 billion lost through absenteeism, unemployment, premature deaths and alcohol-related crimes and accidents the total cost of excessive drinking is ? 6 billion. People everywhere should become educated about the dangers of alcohol abuse to make them aware of the possible outcomes. Councilling should be available for people with alcohol abuse issues from any age.

Binge drinking weekends should be monitored or completely banned as it can become a regular thing which will disturb the people in those communities. Crime is a big alcohol related issue therefore there should be police on the streets monitoring the communities to make sure that they are safe crime free for everyone. Smoking Passive Smoking: Breathing other people’s smoke is known as passive, involuntary or secondhand smoking (SHS). It can also be called ‘environmental tobacco smoke’. Exposure to SHS has immediate health effects.

It can reduce lung function; exacerbate respiratory problems; trigger asthma attacks; reduce coronary blood flow; irritate eyes; and cause headaches, coughs, sore throats, dizziness and nausea. There is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke and there are long-term health effects, especially with continued exposure over time. Children: Children who grow up with a parent or family member who smokes are also about twice as likely to start smoking later in life. If you’re a parent who smokes, it will be hard to explain to your children why they shouldn’t start smoking.

Try to lead by example and quit. As well as improving your heath and theirs, your children may be less likely to start smoking later in life. Although children’s exposure to secondhand smoke in the UK has fallen, around 4 million people still smoke in the presence of children. Educational campaigns are needed to raise awareness of the harmful effects of secondhand smoke on children. Home ; work place: In July 2007, smoking in public places, such as bars, restaurants and workplaces, was made illegal to protect non-smokers from the health risks associated with passive smoking.

The smoke free law has helped to change attitudes towards smoking: around 8 out of 10 people support the legislation, including the majority of people who smoke. Although the law does not cover domestic premises, other than shared spaces, 80% of adults in England report that they do not allow smoking inside their home. Taxes;Smuggling: Increasing taxes on tobacco encourages people to give up smoking or dissuades them from starting in the first place. High tobacco tax, which is recommended by the World Bank,is recognised as a good health and economic policy . Smuggled cigarettes cost the UK Treasury over ? billion in lost revenue each year. While tobacco smuggling is an international problem this section outlines what is being done in the UK to tackle it. It is estimated that 11. 6% of all internationally traded cigarettes are smuggled, equivalent to 657 billion cigarettes a year, causing losses to government revenue worldwide of US$40. 5 billion. Smuggling reduces the overall price, increases demand, undermines national tobacco tax policies and, as a result, harms health by increasing tobacco use. Youth Smoking: Most smokers take up smoking before the age of 18.

Children whose parents or siblings smoke are around three times more likely to smoke than children living in non-smoking households. Although around 70% of teenagers report that they have never smoked, among those who do experiment with smoking many become addicted to nicotine and continue to smoke as adults. The effectiveness of youth-focused health education is limited and at best appears to delay the age of starting to smoke. It appears that the best way of reducing youth smoking is to have comprehensive tobacco control policies in place that apply to the whole population.

It is estimated that each year in England around 340,000 children under the age of 16 who have never smoked before try smoking cigarettes. Every year, around 200,000 children and young people start smoking regularly. Of these 67% start before the age of 18 and 84% by age 19. On 1 October 2007 the legal age for the purchase of tobacco in England and Wales was raised from 16 to18. It is reported that under age smokers gave found it harder to purchse cigarettes since this law was established.