The Positive and Negative Aspects of Globalisation on the World Today| | | Globalisation has long affected people’s life. Jeffery (2002) believes that the word “globalisation” has been known since the 1960s. Despite all the conveniences which globalisation brings to people’s life, it is also a fact that many people fear globalisation. They fear it because it evokes threats and they would feel safer by being closed into their own local world. Globalisation has its own negative and positive effects on the world today.
It has opened the free markets which enable trades between countries, and therefore increases the living standards in these particular countries. However, there are still some developing countries that have fallen behind and have not kept up with the pace of change of development. Therefore, this essay will discuss the positive and negative effects of globalisation in two key areas: economy and culture in the world today. The term ‘globalisation’ gives rise to a lot of different meanings and interpretations.
It may simply mean connectedness between countries, and that includes economic, technological, cultural, environmental and political processes. According to Jeffery (2002), people nowadays do not only see globalisation as a way of doing business, but also a process which in the future, the world will run by itself. There are two positive aspects of globalisation in the economy area. On top of its positive aspects comes the tremendous development of the way countries do their business today.
The free market created by globalisation makes it possible for some countries to increase their standard of living and offers a chance for people to succeed economically by learning from other more developed countries. The second positive aspect of globalisation is the competition between countries. The second positive aspect of globalisation is the increased competition between countries. Global competition arguably encourages creativity and innovation and keeps prices for products and services in check. There is one negative aspect of globalisation in the economic area. Some eople believe globalisation was planned in a rush. It is a momentous phenomenon indeed. This sudden change of globalisation has brought many advantages to the global economy; nevertheless, some negative aspects are also inevitable. Buckley (1998) states, “it seems to be that elites everywhere are doing very well while ‘ordinary people’ are facing insecurity and hardship. ” Not all countries are able to follow this rapid development which results in an obvious separation between the haves and have-nots. This happens because they cannot catch up with this sudden growth, hence poor people become anxious about losing their jobs.
The second key area which will be discussed is culture. As globalisation’s effects spread out, so does people’s curiosity of the world. People started to travel around the world, or to learn about other countries through satellite TV. These then affect one’s culture in both positive and negative ways. The chance to learn and experience a culture by visiting the country itself is one of the main advantages of globalisation on culture. Today, to be able to fly to the other part of the world easily is no longer impossible.
Some air travel companies even take this opportunity by providing cheap air travel. This experience will not only broaden people’s minds, but also motivate them to tell stories about the world we live in to their family and friends. This might lead to the integration of a country’s culture and allow each cultural community to learn about the other’s culture. In addition, local people can also learn the new culture brought by the tourists. Another positive aspect of globalisation in culture has been global broadcasting, which enables people to watch many different channels from different countries.
This is an effective way to learn cultures without spending too much money to travel. Despite the above mentioned positive effects of globalisation on culture it also can have a harmful effect too. According to Buckley (1998),”The influx of tourists with different cultural values creates tension in the receiving community. ” This sentence reflects the negative aspect of globalisation on culture. The reactions of local populations to this “cultural invasion” are varied. Those who are against changes and new technology will not treat tourists positively.
They believe that their culture is better left alone and refuse to see the outside world. In a worst scenario, this may lead to hatred of foreigners and misunderstanding within the country itself. In conclusion, it seems that globalisation has made a significant impact in people’s lives as the world has become smaller. Although globalisation does bring many positive aspects, it also has some negative aspects that need to be considered. By comparing these two aspects and some supporting facts, it is obvious that the positive aspects slightly overweight the negative aspects of globalisation.
Globalisation allows free international trades and loosens the boundaries between countries. It also gives countries the opportunity to show the world their cultures which then increases the countries’ income. On the other hand, even though globalisation rapidly improves the economic situation of countries, some countries may fall behind and fail to catch up. This situation then leads to national crisis and unemployment. Conflict between those who believe that globalisation is evil and those who regard it as a good thing is growing.
In spite of all the positive aspects that can be seen nowadays, the negative aspects still exist, and if government of countries do not plan ahead carefully, the economic situation there may deteriorate, as they cannot benefit from the globalisation. References Jeffery, S. (2002) What is globalisation? (online), The Guardian, Available at: http://www. guardian. co. uk/world/2002/oct/31/globalisation. simonjeffery/print_16/01/2012 (Accessed 20/08/2012) Buckley, R. (ed. ). (1998). The Global Village: challenges for a shrinking planet, Understanding Global Issues, 98(7)